Internext, v. 13, n. 2, pp. 71-85. Abstract: This work analyzed the pertinent literature, identifying possible relationships between the high growth of scale-up enterprises and their internationalization process. For this purpose, a systematic literature review was conducted in the fields of International Business to pinpoint intersections and gaps in the research for empirical exploration and investigation. The results of the analysis are intended to identify possibilities and make theoretical contributions to the field, especially with regard to small and medium-sized ventures. The bibliographic review was conducted using the Google Scholar and Scopus databases. These bases were chosen for their relevance, range and accuracy. Google Scholar isconsidered the best system for tracing websites and academic PDFs, while Scopus is recognized as the largest scientific database of citations and abstracts of peer-reviewed literature. To complement the survey, Scopus metadata analysis resources and NVivo 11 software were used to analyze the content of articles. The findings did not identify a relationship between internationalization and the phenomenon of Scale-ups in the literature in the field of International Business and high growth.