What do we know about the relationship between banks and income inequality? Empirical evidence for emerging and low-income countries

Tipo
Artigos

Ano
15/09/2022

Linha de Pesquisa
Administração e Economia de Negócios

Autor(es)
Claudio Oliveira de Moraes, Guilherme Cruz

Orientador

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeconbus.2022.106086


Caso deseje uma cópia integral da tese/dissertação, por favor envie um e-mail para biblioteca@coppead.ufrj.br.

Journal of Economics and Business, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. Abstract: The objective of this article is to examine whether the banking sector contributes to reducing income inequality and poverty. We assess the effect of banks on income inequality considering various banking qualities with a dynamic panel data analysis of 46 emerging markets (EMs) and 66 low-income countries (LICs) using updated data for the 2000–2018 period. The simultaneous and non-linear effects of banking qualities were also evaluated. The results indicate that banking activities (i.e., availability, relevance, and financial efficiency) reduce income inequality and poverty for EMs and LICs. However, there is an optimal degree of each quality mentioned for banks’ impact on inequality beyond which it increases rather than decreases income inequality.

Keywords: Income inequality, Poverty, Banking sector, Financial development, Financial inclusion, Non-linearity, Emerging markets (EMs), low-income countries (LICs).

Tipo
Artigos

Ano
15/09/2022

Linha de Pesquisa
Administração e Economia de Negócios

Autor(es)
Claudio Oliveira de Moraes, Guilherme Cruz

Orientador

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeconbus.2022.106086


Caso deseje uma cópia integral da tese/dissertação, por favor envie um e-mail para biblioteca@coppead.ufrj.br.

Journal of Economics and Business, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. Abstract: The objective of this article is to examine whether the banking sector contributes to reducing income inequality and poverty. We assess the effect of banks on income inequality considering various banking qualities with a dynamic panel data analysis of 46 emerging markets (EMs) and 66 low-income countries (LICs) using updated data for the 2000–2018 period. The simultaneous and non-linear effects of banking qualities were also evaluated. The results indicate that banking activities (i.e., availability, relevance, and financial efficiency) reduce income inequality and poverty for EMs and LICs. However, there is an optimal degree of each quality mentioned for banks’ impact on inequality beyond which it increases rather than decreases income inequality.

Keywords: Income inequality, Poverty, Banking sector, Financial development, Financial inclusion, Non-linearity, Emerging markets (EMs), low-income countries (LICs).

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